- Origin-India, Burma, Sri Lanka.
- Medium-sized 10-12 m tall deciduous tree.
Leaves fall off during winter.
- When in flower the tree looks as if it is burning and covered with flames. Hence the common name.
Trees have a crooked trunk.
- Seeds are very flat like cardboard and kidney shaped.
- New leaves appear in April-May.
- Leaves harvested for fodder for elephants and used as wrappers for bidis.
- Valuable host for the lac insect.
- useful for afforestation of saline regions.
- Ornamental tree only when in bloom.
- Buta-named in honour of John Earl of Bute on 18th century botanist.
- Monosperma in latin means one seed.
- Seed oil vermifuge, muduga oil is provided by the fruit.
- Popular for internal and external use.
- This plant is the symbol for purva nakshatra.
- Plants are hardy and resistant to drought.
- Flowering starts in February
- Fruits in April
- Planting for parks and gardens specially in groups
- Sensitive to excess wet, dry or cold conditions
- Soil should be well drained.